Taiwan flags will be allowed at next month's Summer Universiade in Taipei, organisers have confirmed.
The host nation will welcome the world's best student athletes between August 19 and 30, but generally are not allowed to use the name "Taiwan" in international sport.
At all editions of the Olympic Games the country is referred to as Chinese Taipei and the Taiwanese flag and anthem are prohibited.
These terms were agreed in the late 1970s after China refused to let Taiwan participate independently at the 1976 Games in Montreal.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), has its own Government but the Chinese consider the island to be a breakaway part of their own territory.
The Taiwanese boycotted the Games in Montreal and the following edition in Moscow four years later.
They participated for the first time as Chinese Taipei, a nation that technically does not exist, at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.
This came after the International Olympic Committee passed the Nagoya Resolution in 1979, forcing Taiwan to use the name Chinese Taipei and banning its Olympic Committee from using the ROC flag or national anthem.
Taiwan's appeals against this decision were dismissed.
"FISU is deeply grateful to Taipei for its work to host the Summer Universiade and remains entirely confident the event will be a success," a FISU statement said.
"Like the World Games and Deaflympics previously hosted in Taipei, FISU hopes that success of the Summer Universiade will be a source of great pride for the city and country.
"Flags of all kinds will be permitted in the venues, as long as they are of a reasonable size.
"It should be noted, however, that flags will not be allowed on the field of play and will not be permitted if they disrupt competition."