USA Cycling has appointed TSE Consulting to review its athlete selection procedure.
The American governing body has brought in the Swiss-based firm after facing legal challenges in the run-up to the Rio 2016 Olympic Games in August.
Carmen Small and Amber Neben both contested their omission for the women's time trial with an arbitrator ruling in USA Cycling's favour.
Coryn Rivera was also unsuccessful in her appeal after she was not picked for the women's road race.
In the time trial, Kristin Armstrong justified her selection by winning a third consecutive Olympic gold medal for the US in Rio.
American Mara Abbott also finished fourth in the road race, agonisingly missing out on a medal after leading until 300 metres to go.
Both riders could have been left out if their compatriots' appeals had been successful, but USA Cycling has still opted to reexamine its selection procedures.
"We need to review our athlete selection procedures to ensure that we are doing all we can to put athletes with the best chance for success on our teams, while providing fairness and transparency," said USA Cycling's President and chief executive Derek Bouchard-Hall.
"Selection decisions are among the most challenging decisions in all of sport, and given the nature of our teams and the depth of our talent pool, we must ensure that we have the best selection process.
"TSE Consulting came highly recommended and their extensive experience working in this area will be a great asset to us.
"We look forward to working with such a skilled and experienced organisation."
TSE has worked with clients such as the International Cycling Union, the International Basketball Federation and the International Swimming Federation.
The company provides services to the public sector as well as international and national sports organisations.
The USA Cycling project will be led by senior consultant Steve Roush and consultant Michelle Farrell, who both have extensive experience in athlete selection processes from their time working at the United States Olympic Committee.
"Athlete selection is often difficult for sports organisations as it requires significant dedication and resource allocation," said Lars Haue-Pedersen, managing director of TSE.
"We are very excited to work with USA Cycling as they review their procedures for selecting athletes, and look forward to helping them establish the best selection process possible."