Three biathletes have had results from earlier this year expunged after they were implicated in the confusion surrounding meldonium, the International Biathlon Union (IBU) has announced.
Russia’s Eduard Latypov, a world junior champion in 2015, Artem Tyshchenko of the Ukraine and Romania’s seasoned campaigner Éva Tófalvi had all provided substances containing the drug, which was added to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) banned list on January 1.
The trio had their suspensions lifted following WADA’s clarification concerning the substance in June, which stated that athletes who provided a urine sample which returned a positive test for the heart-attack drug between January 1 and February 29 can be given a “no fault” verdict if their sample contained less than five micrograms of meldonium.
This marks an increase from the previous set of guidelines published by WADA, which stated if below one microgram of meldonium was detected and the failed test came before March 1, a negligence or no fault verdict could be reached.
All three were cleared of a doping offence by the IBU Anti-Doping Hearing Panel, who confirmed they would all be handed a "no fault" finding.
But world biathlon’s governing body has now confirmed they will each have their results annulled between certain dates.
Ukraine will lose their mixed relay victory from an event in the IBU Cup, the second tier series of biathlon competitions below the IBU World Cup, held on January 23 in Arber in Germany after Tyschenko’s results from January 23 to February 16 were scrapped.
Kazakhstan will be upgraded to the gold medal, with Norway promoted to silver and Germany taking the bronze.
Latypov’s performances from February 14 to March 8 have also been struck from the record books, meaning his victory at the IBU Cup at Brezno-Osrblie in Slovenia will be wiped out.
Jaroslav Soukup of the Czech Republic will be given the gold medal and Ruslan Tkalenko of the Ukraine will move from bronze to silver.
Norway’s Vegard Gjermundshaug had initially finished outside of the podium but he will now be promoted to third place.
The 37-year-old Tófalvi did not achieve any notable performances during the period in which her results have been expunged - March 8 to 29.
WADA added meldonium, which was developed in Latvia, to the banned list on January 1 after claiming there was evidence that it was being used for performance enhancing purposes.
There are claims it was given to Soviet Union soldiers during the Afghanistan War in the 1980s in order to boost endurance.
Many of those to have taken it, however, say they did so for medical reasons, while others insisted that they were not aware it had been banned.
WADA faced criticism for the way they had handled the situation.